Secure, reliable and affordable energy supplies are fundamental and critical to future economic stability and growth. The challenges however are immense with not only future fuel source inhibitors but the raising and frightening impacts of current generation technologies on the environment and climate change. Energy generation consumes 32% of fossil fuels and is responsible for 41% of carbon emissions. Energy consumption despite current economic difficulties is expected to double by 2050 to approximately 15,700 Mtoe/yr and global investment requirements according to the IEA will amount to a baseline of $254 trillion or 6% of global GDP by 2050 to meet this demand. This has implications for generation sustainability energy sources and distribution.
Global Transmission investment alone is estimated to reach €606 billion between 2010 and 2020 according to Pike Research (http://www.pikeresearch.com). From a base of €48.4bn in 2010 (US $10bn alone) investment will rise to an estimated high of $57.9bn in 2017. Despite this market volume there is also an issue in relation to energy wastage through loss as a result of inefficiencies at generation and in liner transmission as a result of resistance and other factors. Approximately 7% of energy is lost in transmission alone which equates to almost 10TWh with a value of about €1.2bn annually. It differs from country to country from a low of 5% to as high as 27%. In developing countries where investment requirements are highest often geography and the invasive negative impact of overhead cabling on the natural often virgin landscape are driving the need for alternative strategies and technologies. The market opportunity for WTE arises because of the high investment cost in infrastructure estimated above, the often large distances to be covered requiring long construction timescales and the negative impact that such construction has often on otherwise pristine environments. This technology when scaled has the potential to take a significant proportion of the above market.
The technology is based on the life work of the inventor Dr Kruik who has majored in the field of radiophysics. He has published many scientific papers and holds a number of patents. The research has grown out of the pursuit to improve energy generation and the search for clean-tech alternative sources.
The device consists of transmitting and receiving antennae in the form of a semi-pseudo-sphere. The semi-pseudo-sphere is a shape known in mathematics and is designed according to hyperbolic geometry. The transmitting antenna is powered with an electricity source and transmits electricity to the receiving antenna. The system is based on an oscillatory circuit that consists of the two antennae and a carry frequency oscillator. The transmitting and receiving antennas form a closed energy system, which partially includes the Earth's electromagnetic field. Due to an activation of the Earth's electromagnetic field this system transmits electricity from the transmitting antenna to the receiving antenna with an efficiency close to 100 per cent. The size of transmitting and receiving antennas depends on the range and power of the energy to be transmitted.
The wireless power transfer system is based on a oscillatory circuit of two antennae and a carry frequency oscillator. The know-how of the device is the shape of antennas which is unique allows a combination of the following properties in one device:
Experiments demonstrate that semi-pseudo-spherical antennae are significantly more effective as a wave deceleration system than any other allows the creation of a stronger wave emission than the regular antennas with the same power consumption. The know-how of the technology is in the antennae which create a specific resonance between the oscillatory circuit and environment engaging an electromagnetic coupling between which activates the electromagnetic field of the Earth.
At certain frequencies (in the lab prototype at 600 kHz) the resonance becomes strong enough to activate the natural electromagnetic field of the Earth, which serves as an environment for wireless power transfer and also can be a sustainable power source.
The market for wireless power transmission is enormous. It is being pursued by many research institutions including MIT who demonstrated an experiment in 2008 however the majority of these are based on wireless powering of electrical devices over short distances and are achieving transfer losses in excess of 50%. It is recognised as the next “big thing” within the energy arena and has the potential to become a multi-billion dollar per year opportunity. Only private, dispersed receiving stations will be needed. Just like television and radio, a single resonant energy receiver is required, which may eventually be built into appliances.
Our technology offers a cost effective, environmentally friendly and almost 100% efficient wireless power transfer technology as an alternative to the standard wired power lines:
The majority of identified research has been at the short distance powering appliances. Existing technologies which address wireless power transmission are "WiTricity" and "PowerBeam" using a different method and having a significantly lower efficiency of 40-50 per cent for a distance of up to 2 meters for "WiTricity" and 10’s of meters for "PowerBeam". The WiTricity technology uses inductive link resonant circuits, and PowerBeam uses a laser transmitter.
Both of these technologies are designed for wireless powering of low-grid home appliances on relatively short distances.
A pilot production model has been built and tested, consisting of two antennae and a 40 Watt carry frequency oscillator. The testing of electricity transmission in the low power (40 Watts) for short distances (up to 1.8m) showed almost 100 per cent efficiency. Existing patents and patent pending exist and a recent PCT including and application for US patent are in place.
The device was independently tested at the Rzeszow University and D.A. Glass LLC, Poland, 5 October 2009. And the transfer distance and efficiency level confirmed. This test verification had a significant and potentially major advantage which was that the energy level input was exceeded at the receiving antenna, i.e. more energy was received then transmitted by a factor of between 200% and 400%. The process is in someway tapping into the energy of the electromagnetic field through the oscillatory circuit and extracting it. We are not claiming this as an extant aspect of the technology as it needs significantly further and comprehensive research. For the moment we believe that the wireless transmission of itself is a significant and high potential opportunity.
A detailed research programme has been designed to scale prove the concept with the construction of a large scale transmitter and receiver. The estimated cost of the research is €1.5 million and will not only result in a scaled operating system but in the completion of a commercial and fundable business plan. The research project is based in Ukraine but may be moved to any other place.
The wireless transmission market is dominated by significant international companies such as GE, Siemens etc The technology represents both a threat and an opportunity to these players It is likely however that the commercialisation of this technology will allow increased investment in generating and other arenas where such companies are involved.
The project has been funded to date from investments totalling $15 000 from the RIEGT owners resources and some state funding in Ukraine. It is now needs a further €1.5m in to construct a demonstration and operational facility. This investment will be spent on Equipment & Infrastructure Acquisition.